Eye care is most important for all human beings because as they help us see the world. Most of us fail to take proper care of our valuable eyes and suffer various problems. At IMH, we believe that eyes are the most wonderful gifts and we all must take proper care of them. Most of us actually began to pay attention to our eyes only when we face some problem such as blurred vision or extreme irritation. In order to avoid eye problems, it is essential to protect eyes right from the beginning. Just like your skin, you can slow down the effect of aging on your eyes with regular precaution and care.
Care and Cure of Your Eyes!! See the beautiful world....
Eye Surgery Precautions
It is extremely important to take good care of your eyes before and after going through a surgery. One must identify the need for specific procedure at an early stage so as to avoid complications.
In every kind of eye surgery Anesthesia is essential and in most cases local anesthesia is commonly used. Retrobulbar and peribulbar techniques for infiltrating the local area surrounding the eye muscle cone are used to immobilize the extraocular muscles and eliminate pain sensation.
To regulate the procedure quickly, topical anesthesia using lidocaine topical gel is preferred. For a smooth using topical anesthesia, a patient must cooperate. In case of traumatic eye injuries, major orbitotomies, for apprehensive patients and children, general anesthesia is recommended. In general anesthesia it is mandatory to perform Cardiovascular monitoring while the same is preferable in local anesthesia.
In order to prepare the eye area for surgery doctors take proper sterile precautions which includes the use of antiseptics like povidone-iodine. Sterile drapes, gowns and gloves must not be forgotten. A plastic sheet with a receptacle should be used to collect the fluids during phacoemulsification. In order to keep the eye wide open, an eye speculum is inserted.
Laser Eye Surgery
Many people confuse and interchangeably use the terms laser eye surgery and refractive surgery, they are both very different from each other. In most cases, lasers are used to treat nonrefractive conditions such as to seal a retinal tear. On the other hand, radial keratotomy is a kind of refractive surgery which does not use laser.
LASIK or Lasik is a kind of refractive surgery performed to correct myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Ophthalmologists use laser to perform LASIK. LASIK is very much like other surgical corrective procedures including photorefractive keratectomy and PRK. It provides speedy recovery of patient. The patient is kept awake and mobile during this operation. The patient may sometimes be given mild sedative (such as Valium) and anesthetic eye drops. There are three steps of LASIK. In the first step, a flap of corneal tissue is created. Remodelling of the cornea underneath the flap is done with laser in the second step. In the final step, the flap is repositioned.
A course of antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops is given to the patients. The medicines and ye drops continue in the weeks following surgery. Special eye care has to be taken during this period. The patient is recommended to use a darkened pair of shields to protect their eyes from bright lights. A deep sound sleep is also necessary and they are usually asked to sleep longer. In order to avoid rubbing the eyeswhen asleep and to reduce dry eyes, protective goggles are provided. The eye area must be moisturized with preservative-free tears and the patient must follow directions for prescription drops. Proper post-operative care must be guided by the doctors so as to help the patient minimise risk of cancer.
A cataract is an opacification or cloudiness of the eye’s crystalline lens due to aging, disease, or trauma that typically prevents light from forming a clear image on the retina.If visual loss is significant, surgical removal of the lens may be warranted, with lost optical power usually replaced with a plastic intraocular lens (IOL). The most common eye surgery is cataract extraction because of the high prevalence of cataracts. Patients must take proper rest after the surgery.
Glaucoma leads to the loss of vision by affecting the optic nerve. It is a group of diseases frequently characterized by elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Glaucoma surgery is of various types, some of them are a combination of all those types and may help to escape excess aqueous from the eye to lower intraocular pressure. There are some which decreasethe production of aqueous humor to lower IOP.
Canaloplasty provides sustained reduction of IOP by enhancing drainage through the eye’s natural drainage system. It is an advanced, nonpenetrating procedure that utilizes microcatheter technology in a slightly invasive procedure. A small incision has to be created while performing canaloplasty to reach a canal in the eye. A microcatheter surrounds the canal around the iris, enlarging the main drainage channel and its smaller collector channels through the injection of a sterile, gel-like material called viscoelastic. Later a suture is placed within the canal and tightened after removing the catheter. In order to reduce the pressure inside the eye a canal is opened up. The Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery details all the long term benefits of this surgery.